Robotic Solutions for COVID-19 

 April 1, 2020

By  Mike Oitzman

Updated: Jan 18, 2021


This article will introduce you to the various applications and Robotic Solutions for Covid-19. We will look exclusively at autonomous mobile robots (AMR) which are currently being deployed to help first responders and healthcare workers manage the COVID-19 crisis. This article will be updated frequently as more news is published and the world deals with the pandemic.

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Autonomous Mobile Robotic Solutions for Covid-19

There are a variety of applications and autonomous mobile robotics solutions for Covid-19. These applications and solution providers are outlined in the quick navigation table below:


Mobile Robot Guide 2020 Buyers Guide

Disinfection Solutions Edition

Mobile Robot Buyers Guide Cover Page

The Buyers Guide is packed with information and education about the disinfection technologies. Inside you'll find reviews of 35+ solutions along with Recommended Solutions and recognition for Technology Innovation.

Facility Disinfection 

One of the novel robotic solutions for Covid-19 is to use mobile robots equipped with ultraviolet light sources or disinfectant sprayers, to autonomously disinfect a facility. These robots can autonomously navigate a hospital facility and then complete the disinfection operation of hospital rooms or surgical theaters without any human interaction. 

UV light is dangerous for humans (along with bacteria and viruses), and therefore mounting the light on an autonomous mobile robot platform enables to the disinfection cycle to run without endangering nurses or other hospital staff. The UV light needs to flood a room long enough to kill viruses and bacteria. The light also needs to be moved around the room during the cycle, so that all surfaces are covered with the light.

Watch this video about UV Sanitization

Before you go any deeper into this article, Addverb Robotics has produced the best video explaining how autonomous mobile robots can be leveraged to disinfect facilities using UV light. Watch the following video:

Autonomous Disinfection Solutions

UVD Robotics

UVD Robots is one of the first AMR manufacturers to come to market with a purpose built robot for UV light disinfection. They made news earlier this year with the sale of multiple units to China, and they are busy delivering robots as fast as they can. It takes 10 to 15 minutes for a UVD robot to disinfect a room.

Atlanta-based Uchimura Robotics has signed an agreement to distribute UVD Robots in the US.

UVD Robots Front and Rear View

Image courtesy of UVD Robots

Akara Robotics

Akara Robotics, the makers of Stevie the Robot (a healthcare robot) have been busy over the last month designing, testing and productizing a new AMR that is designed primarily to disinfect a room with UV light. The new vehicle is called Violet and was built in a day, based on top of a Turtle research robot. The company a start-up attached to Trinity College Dublin.

Violet leverages more than 12 months research in UV light disinfection technology, conducted at Ireland’s top University. The HSE (Irish Health Service) have fast-tracked its development, stating that it has great potential to help in the fight against Covid-19.

Violet can greatly reduce dependency on the use of chemical-based solutions, which may be effective but require rooms to be vacated for several hours during disinfection, making them impractical for many parts of the hospital. In addition, many pieces of high-tech equipment cannot be disinfected using “deep chemicals”, so manual cleaning is needed.

The following excerpt is from a story in The Irish Times:

Robot Violet was tested in an acute hospital in the Dublin area last week after Dr McGinn contacted the HSE indicating it would be effective in tackling the Covid-19 pandemic in healthcare settings. They are awaiting microbiological test results to confirm its effectiveness.

“This system could reduce dependency on the use of chemical-based solutions, which may be effective but requires rooms to be vacated for several hours during sterilization, making them impractical for many parts of the hospital,” said Dr McGinn.

In addition, many pieces of high-tech equipment cannot be disinfected using “deep chemicals”, so manual cleaning is needed. Robot Violet is also effective in such circumstances, he said.

Milagrow Robotics

Milagrow is a robotics reseller. They offer a huge line of robotic solutions from industrial robotics to STEM based learning solutions to service robots for consumers.

In response the pandemic, Milagrow is launching two new products. The first is a UV light disinfection robot called the Indoor Disinfection RoboCop. There are not many details about the product as it is a new design, but it appears to navigate autonomously around the facility and then run a UV light disinfection cycle.

The Milagrow Disinfection RoboCop AMR

The Milagrow Disinfection RoboCop AMR (Image courtesy of Milagrow)

The second robot is an outdoor disinfection robot called the Outdoor Disinfection BlackCat. This is a tracked robot that appears to be autonomous. It uses a atomizing sprayer attached to the vehicle to dispense the disinfectant. Unfortunately the site is missing details about specificiations.

Youibot Robotics

Youibot is a Shenzen-based robotics company. The ARIS-K2 anti-virus robot is equipped with ultraviolet anti-virus lamp and human body temperature camera. The novel feature of the ARIS-K2 is that it can autonomously disinfect the facility during the evening when the workers have gone home. It takes only 150 minutes to cover 1,000 square meters.

Youibot ARIS K2 Robot

The Youibot ARIS K2 Robot (image courtesy of Youibot)

Then, during the work day, the robot can sit in a stationary point (on it's charger?) near an entrance and check all of the workers entering the facility. The robot uses an onboard camera with thermal imaging capabilities and facial recognition to ID all of the incoming workers. The thermal imaging checks a persons temperature. The facial ID associates the persons temperature check with the worker.

Screenshot of Youibot ARIS robot showing human temperature check

The Youibot ARIS K2 robot checks worker temperatures (image courtesy of Youibot)

Milvus Robotics

Turkey based Milvus Robotics just announced the availability of a UV Disinfection mobile robot called the SEIT-UV. This autonomous mobile robot is equipped with 360°-degree disinfection coverage, software and sensor-based safety features, and Wi-Fi connectivity with an easy-to-use control panel. Safe and reliable, the robot is user friendly and is designed to be operated by cleaning staff.

The robot emits just the right amount of UV-C light and, in an average-sized room, can kill approximately 99.99% of viruses and bacteria within ten minutes - the perfect cleaning option for busy healthcare facilities.

The robot is an effective and safe means of cleaning that is suited for operation by itself. If someone enters the room while the robot is active, it will automatically disengage its light to ensure the safety of any nearby people. 

Milvus SEIT-UV robots

The Milvus SEIT-UV AMR for hospital decontamination. (Image courtesy of Milvus)

Anscer Robotics

Anscer Robotics is a new AMR startup, based in Bangalore India. The company has designed a new autonomous mobile robot which autonomously disinfects a patient room using UV light. Anscer differentiates their solution because it maps out the room to be disinfected and then creates waypoints where the robot stops and runs a disinfection cycle.

We published a video of the solution in operation.

Anscer is offering three versions of their solution:

  • ALPHA is their fully featured, fully autonomous UVC disinfection robot. Elevator integration is possible with Alpha, and it includes auto-charging.
  • BRAVO is their basic, fully autonomous UVC disinfection robot. It is designed for facilities under 2500 sq ft. No auto-charging.
  • CHARLIE is a non-autonomous, tele-operated UVC disinfection robot. Designed for narrow aisles. No auto-charging.

Mobile Robot Buyers Guide showing document cover and award badges

The 2020 Autonomous Disinfection Solutions Buyers Guide has been published!

This edition focuses entirely on AMR-based disinfection solutions to help facility managers clean and disinfect their facilities.

We've done all of the market research on the latest products.

Get it now!

The Anscer Robotics UV disinfection AMR

The Anscer Robotics UV disinfection AMR (image courtesy of Anscer Robotics)

Sarcos Robotics

The Sarcos Robotics Guardian S robot is a unique AMR in that it's designed to fit in confined spaces, including pipes and duct work. The magnetic tracks enable the Guardian S to climb metal walls.

Sarcos Guardian S snake robot

The Sarcos Guardian S robot is capable getting into and out of tight spaces. (Image courtesy of Sarcos Robotics)

For disinfection applications, the Sarcos Guardian S robot can carry up to 4.5 Kg (10 lbs) and be equipped with equipment such as:

  • Disinfecting and deodorizing foggers
  • Aerosol sprayers
  • UV and UV-C light sterilizers

Wellwit Robotics

WellWit Robotics is an established Chinese robotics company. They have a complete line of autonomous mobile robotics with a large product line of warehouse automation solutions. The company also has a line of UV Disinfection AMR, including two non-autonomous models and one fully autonomous mobile robot.

Their lineup of solutions includes two non-autonomous platforms (even though they call these devices "robots", they are not robots). These devices use a pulsed xenon lamp with high energy, safety and high efficiency and promise 80% decrease in infection rates with a 8 minute or less disinfection cycle.

Wellwit UV disinfection devices

Wellwit Robotics lineup of non-autonomous and fully autonomous UV Disinfection platforms (image courtesy of Wellwit Robotics).

Wellwit also has a fully autonomous UV disinfection AMR called the Pulsed Light Germ-Killing Robot (WDR01C). This AMR can decontaminate a room in 5 minutes or less and has obstacle avoidance to drive itself between rooms as it makes its rounds continuously.

PBA Group

The PBA Group has announced the roll out of their new Sunburst UV Bots UV-disinfecting autonomous mobile robots together with Singapore based Frasers Property Group to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. This will be the first of its kind in Singapore.

PBA UV Robot in a mall

The PBA UV Disinfection Robot. (Image courtesy of The PBA Group

The UV Disinfection AMRs will be introduced to Northpoint City in May and progressively rolled out at Frasers Property Group's other malls in Singapore. The PBA Group is a mature robotics providers with a complete line of mobile and collaborative robotic solutions.

The PBA Group is the first Singapore based AMR provider to develop an autonomous UV disinfection solution. The vehicle deploys an ultraviolet-C light module, emitting powerful UV-C rays which can eradicate viruses. As a result, this solution helps to supplement manpower necessary to keep up with cleaning tasks.

PAL Robotics

PAL Robotics, based in Barcelona, have developed a new UV light disinfection AMR based on their proven TIAGo platform. The TIAGo platform is a mature solution that is well proven in the field. PAL Robotics has added a new UV disinfection payload on the top of the robot to perform disinfection operations. 

A PAL spokesperson tells the Mobile Robot Guide that the device has been developed and is ready for deployment, but they have not yet deployed one into the field yet.

PAL Robotics UV Light Disinfection AMR

PAL Robotics UV Light Disinfection AMR (image courtesy of PAL Robotics)

Keenon Robotics

Shanghai based Keenon Robotics, makers of the Peanut service robot, have released a new UV light and disinfection spray autonomous mobile robot. The robot is designed to autonomously move around a hospital or other facility and perform various disinfection processes.

The AMR is called the Disinfection Robot and leverages Keenon's mature AMR software and base hardware for this new solution. The company is reporting that the machine has already been deployed in 10+ hospitals in Shanghai.

Keeon UVC Disinfection Robot

Keenon UVC Disinfection Robot (image courtesy of Keenon Robotics)

SESTO Robotics

Singapore based SESTO Robotics, have just launched the SESTO HealthGUARD autonomous mobile UV disinfection robot. The HealthGUARD is built on top of the mature SESTO ELEMENT AGV, a vehicle which has been in the market for several years operating in multiple logistics, warehousing and manufacturing applications.

Sesto Health Guard robot

Sesto Health Guard robot (image courtesy of Sesto)

SESTO was able to quickly prototype and produce the HealthGUARD AMR due to the maturity of their ELEMENT platform. Details are still coming on the vehicle spec's, but the vehicle should inherit the long battery life and fully autonomous facility navigation from its sibling.

Manual cleaning and disinfection may be inadequate and subject to human error, especially in large spaces. During operational hours with human traffic, SESTO HealthGUARD can disinfect the environment with hospital-grade disinfectant from its multi-nozzle sprayer, eliminating 99.9% of bacteria, germs and viruses. The multi-nozzle sprayer targets high-touch surface areas and enables facilities owners and operators to disinfect large surfaces more efficiently and thoroughly.

After operating hours, SESTO HealthGUARD utilizes its six built-in UV-C (254nm) high-output germicidal lamps to effectively disinfect an area of 100 square meters in approximately 45 minutes. Its UV-C light delivers a powerful intensity to eliminate 99.9% of bacteria, germs and viruses. At 254nm wavelength, its short-length UV will break the molecular bonds within micro-organisms, thereby destroying them.

Geek Plus Robotics

Geek Plus has launched two autonomous solutions for disinfection use case. The Lavender robot uses UVC light to disinfect patient rooms or other specific areas. The Jasmin robot has a sprayer unit mounted on top of the AMR base. Both solutions are capable of autonomous navigation throughout the facility.

GeekPlus Disinfection Robots

GeekPlus Lavender (l) and Jasmin (r) Disinfection Robots (image courtesy of GeekPlus)

Yantra Robotics

India based Yantra LLP has demonstrated their RAGHAV AMR with a disinfection sprayer payload. They have not published spec's on the unit yet, however, the following video shows the new unit in operation.

Aitheon Robotics

Ukraine based Aitheon Robotics has announced a new UVC Disinfection Robot. The AMR is used as part of a regular cleaning cycle preventing and reducing the spread of infectious diseases, bacteria, viral, and other types of harmful organic microorganisms by breaking down their DNA-structure.

AItheon Yezhik UVD robot

Aitheon Yezhik UVD robot(image courtesy of Aitheon)

Sherpa Mobile Robots

France based Sherpa Mobile Robots have announced two disinfection solutions based on their mobile robot platforms. Both robots employ a payload with the Phileas® centrifugation technology by DEVEA. The process has been validated in accordance with the standard 72-281 version of 2014 and has obtained its marketing authorization, guaranteeing the effectiveness of the Phileas system on viruses at 99/99%.

The Sherpa-B deploys the Phileas payload on the Sherpa AMR base. This fully autonomous vehicle can navigate your facility while deploying the disinfectant fog.

The Sherpa-W deploys the Phileas payload on a narrower Sherpa-designed AMR base. The Sherpa-W is designed for airlines, businesses and retail spaces.

Sherpa Mobile Robots Sprayer Disinfection Robots

Sherpa Mobile Disinfection Robots - Sherpa-B (L) and Sherpa-W (R) (Image courtesy of Sherpa Mobile Robots)

Techmetics Robotics

US based Techmetics Robotics has announced a new UVD mobile robotics solution. They have been building and delivering unique AMR solutions for the last 5+ years and were one of the early pioneers in the restaurant AMR market. They are selling solutions primarily in the US, Australia and Asia.

By launching this new solution, Techmetics enters the UV Disinfection market with a proven platform and a deep experience designing and deploying AMR solutions. Their strongest asset is their mature software platform. For the UV robot, they have developed a specific algorithm to control UV exposure time based on the level of disinfection and the type of microbe control desired.

The robot is employs a waypoint-based disinfection cycle by plotting where it needs to be in a room to maximize the exposure of light. The software also logs the feedback of dosimeters to ensure that the disinfection thresholds was achieved. 

The robot also uses its onboard sensors to ensure that humans don't enter the disinfection area during a disinfection cycle, and can shutdown the light if it senses movement.

Techmetics UVD Robot

Techmetics UVD Robot (image courtesy of Techmetics Robotics)


Spain based ASTI Mobile Robotics releases a new UV-C light disinfection robot cobranded with BoosLight. The solution includes a UV-C light payload developed by BoosLight on top of an ASTI autonomous mobile robot (AMR) platform. Together, the solution autonomously disinfects a facility.

The company is targeting both hospitals as well as corporate campuses. The solution will be useful to help with the daily sanitization cycles to keep employees healthy as they return to work.

ASTI has introduced multiple UV-C light disinfection solutions, including 3 manual light devices, along with the new ZenZoe AMR vehicle.

  • ZenZoe Easy - a manual UVD solution
  • ZenZoe Pro - a manual UVD solution
  • ZenZoe Plus - the largest capacity manual UVD solution
  • ZenZoe Robot - an AMR based UVD solution.
ASTi lineput of UV Disinfection Devices

ASTi lineup of UV Disinfection Devices. Including the ZenZoe AMR (Image courtesy of ASTI)

TMI Robotics Technology Co

Shanghai based TMI Robotics Technology company is a producer of medical robotics. They have a product lineup that include multiple AMRs for duty in hospital settings. So it comes as no surprise that the company has released a disinfection robot.

The Intelligent Disinfection Robot from TMiRob is the only AMR on the market to feature three disinfection technologies: UVC light disinfection, an atomizing sprayer unit and plasma air filtration. The AMR is fully autonomous and can self navigate throughout the facility. The solution is being primarily marketed for hospitals, to help reset surgery rooms, ICU units, isolation wards and laboratories. 

The TMI supervisory software is able to calculate disinfection times, enabling the solution to be easily operated by cleaning staff.

TMiROB disinfection robot cover page

The TMiROB Intelligent Disinfection Robot (image courtesy of TMiROB)

Build with Robots

Albuquerque based Build with Robots has developed a solution based on Fetch Robotics Freight100 robot specifically designed to disinfect large public spaces like airports. The Breezy One maneuvers autonomously around the facility, while dispensing an aerosol based disinfectant.

This is a wide area disinfection approach, and it keeps both the airport cleaning staff, as well as the general public safe from airborne contagions. Breezy One dispenses a patented chemical that is completely safe to humans after a few hours. The system is being deployed first at the Albuquerque Airport and is designed to operate after all passengers, flight crews and gate staff have departed for the evening.

Build with Robots BreezyOne robot in an airport

Build with Robots BreezyOne robot in an airport (image courtesy of Build With Robots)

OTSAW Digital Pte Ltd

Singapore based OTSAW has launched the first (and currently only) LED UVC light based autonomous disinfection solution. OTSAW has filed several patents on the technology used to cool the LED lights and to operate them efficiently. The result is that the new O-RX Disinfection robot uses less power than another other UVC light source. This is critical when the UVC light power comes from battery.

OTSAW is offering the solution in a Robots as a Serice offering, which helps to lower the barriers to entry and make it an affordable disinfection solution option.

OTSAW LED UVC Robot Solution in a room

The OTSAW LED UVC disinfection solution is the only LED UVC based solution (image courtesy of OTSAW)

Olympus Controls

USA based Olympus Controls introduced LightSweep, a UVC light disinfection solution. The solution is built on top of a MiR AMR base and features a novel, swiveling UVC light bar at the top of the robot. By changing the angle of the top UVC light bar, LightSweep can optimize the UV light hitting the surface of a table/desk/counter, thus maximizing the disinfection operation. Olympus has filed patents for this solution.

Olympus Controls Lightsweep disinfects a hospital room

Olympus Controls Lightsweep disinfects a hospital room (image courtesy of Olympus Controls)

Enabled Robotics

Denmark based Enabled Robotics has introduced the only UV disinfection robot to leverage an AMR mounted COBOT to position the UVC light bar. This unique capability is useful to get the disinfecting light into areas that are not accessible with fixed UVC light bars. This will be especially useful for applications such at laboratories, commercial kitchens, patient rooms, nursing stations or other facilities or rooms with lot's of shelving, equipment or other objects that may block or produce shadows.

Enabled Robotics robot disinfects a laboratory

Enabled Robotics robot disinfects a laboratory (image courtesy of Enabled Robotics)

JetBrain Robotics

India based JetBrain just announce the development of a UVC light disinfection solution based on their CORE 0 AMR platform. JetBrain has created a product line of healthcare robot solutions targeted at hospitals and clinics.

JetBrain UVC Light robot

The JetBrain UVC Light robot can autonomously navigate around a facility. (Image courtesy of JetBrain)


Germany based MetraLabs has launched an autonomous disinfection solution SteryBot. The device is based on the core AMR software and hardware developed by MetraLabs over the last two decades. MetraLabs worked closely with Osram Lighting in Germany to build a UVC payload capable of effective UV germicidal irradiation (UVGI). The SteryBot also include UV light disinfection for the robot wheels, under the robot, so that the vehicle doesn't track microbes on the floor from one area to the next.


Piedmont National, together with Fetch Robotics and PURO Lighting launch a new UVGI disinfection solution. With the new SmartGuardUV, several unique and mature elements come together to create a powerful disinfection solution, illustrating how the whole can be better than the sum of its parts.

The new device is purpose-built to autonomously disinfect high-traffic areas such as warehouse facilities, retail stores, offices, and hospital rooms. Solutions provider, Piedmont National has engineered the solution to deliver unparalleled performance in an automation disinfection solution. 

The disinfection power leverages PURO Lighting’s pulsed XENON UV light fixtures, powered by Violet Defense™. Unlike the low-pressure mercury UV light bulbs in use by the majority of the other UVGI solutions on the market, pulsed XENON delivers broad-spectrum UV disinfection. This is lab tested and eliminates up to 99.9% of viruses and bacteria with UV-C, UV-B, and UV-A wavelengths.

SmartGuard UV robot in an office setting

SmartGuard UV is the longest running autonomous UVGI solution on the market (image courtesy of SmartGuard UV)

Addverb Technologies

India based Addverb Technologies has released a new UVGI based AMR called the Decimator. The solution is designed to deliver 50 mJ/ cm2 of UV light from 1-meter distance and claims In 10 min, Decimator can disinfect a 250 sqft room, and in one recharge cycle, it can clean 10-15 of such large rooms. The system is built on top of Addverbs platform and is fully autonomous to manueuver around your facility.

addverb decimeter UV light robot side view

The Addverb Decimeter delivers UVGI where ever you need it. (Image courtesy of Addverb)


France based e-cobot have released the new Husky UV robot. The vehicle can be operated either autonomously or via tele-operation (remote operation). With 1 hour of operation, the solution can cover 450 m^2 for 99.99% disinfection.

e-cobot husky UV robot image

The e-cobot husky UV robot (image courtesy of e-cobot)

Pudu Robotics

Pudu Robotics is primarily known for their restaurant and hospitality delivery robots. The Puductor is an evolution of the delivery platform and includes a biocide spraying unit on the mature PudoBot platform.
As result, the Puductor solution inherits all of the autonomous operational functionality from its sibling. The primary use case for Puductor is in restaurant, hotel and hospital operations, where Pudu already has an operational user base. The system is simple to deploy and promises operations within 2 hours of unpacking.

Pudu Robotics Puductor Robot view

The Puductor Biocide Spraying Robot from Pudu Robotics (Image courtesy of Pudu Robotics)

UBTECH Robotics

Service Robot market leader UBTECH Robotics has launched an autonomous mobile robotic solution capable of disinfection via biocide spraying. The solution is also equipped with a HD camera and AI check for mask wearing of people entering a building. In addtion, the robot is equipped with a thermal scan camera to check for temperatures of individuals. The robot can alert the security team if it spots an individual who has a high temperature or it can immediately broadcast to the individual with an alert.

UBTECH AIMbot Disinfection Robot

UBTECH AIMbot Disinfection Robot (image courtesy of UBTECH)

fybots Robotics

French floor cleaning robot manufacturer fybots has announced a new disinfection solutions call the Disinfect XL. This AMR leverages the navigation technology of fybots floor cleaning solutions to enable autonomous biocide spraying of a facility. Fybots offers a 100% 24/7 remote control RaaS solution so that there are no requirements for onsite management of the robot, other than refilling of the biocide.

fybots disinfection xl robot

fybots disinfection xl robot (image courtesy of fybots)


Be-Free UV-C LED technology offers a fast, efficient and Chemical-Free way to disinfect your environment. Their LEDs produce UV-C at 270nm, have a lifetime efficiency of over 20,000 hours, and have immediate activation. The Autonomous Robotic platform from MIR makes the initial setup only a matter of hours, and allows you to choose the sanitization routine that best fits your needs, from the pre-set programs and a simple safety checklist.

The three models they current have are Be-Free Air, Air Surf, and Surf. Be-Free Air was designed to ensure people's safety through air sanification. The ventilation system forces the air inside the body, where UV-C LED are present, and releases disinfected air back into the environment. Be-Free Air Surf, adds the possibility of surface sanification in empty environments or when no direct light from the LED can be guaranteed.

Be-Free Surf was made for surface sanification. The LED lamp quantity and configuration, together with the 120° cone light emission, provides a complete Floor-to-Ceiling disinfection. The Robot moves around, getting as close as possible to surfaces, reducing shadowed areas, and sanification takes place autonomously. The high radiometric power, allows a large area to be disinfected in a shorter time.

Corvus Robotics

Corvus Robotics has launched two new disinfection solutions, the Corvus UV and the Corvus Spray solutions. Both solutions are fully autonomous mobile robots designed to map your facility and then disinfect rooms through either UV light or biocide spraying. The systems cost about $25,000.

Corvis UV Robot

Clearpath Robotics - Warthog

Researchers from the Center for Integrated Manufacturing and Technology (SENAI CIMATEC) in Salvador, Brazil, have developed a Clearpath Warthog-based robot to support the fight against COVID-19. Their idea: adding a disinfection system that sprays sodium hypochlorite on surfaces, as well as a germicidal lamp that provides disinfecting ultraviolet C (UVC) light. For more details, read the Clearpath blog post highlighting this solution.

Clearpath Warhog Disinfection Sprayer

Clearpath Warhog Disinfection Sprayer (Image courtesy of Clearpath)

Pudu Technologies

Pudu Robotics announces the release of Puductor2, an autonomous disinfection mobile robot. The disinfection solution is designed to help facility managers control the spread of disease within their facility by autonomously patrolling and disinfecting indoor areas of the facility. The Puductor series leverages all of the core technology developed for mobile autonomy by Pudu Robotics.

puductor two robot

The Puductor 2 robot is a revised edition of the disinfection solution.

UBTECH Robotics

UBTECH introduced their new ADIBOT UV disinfection products at CES2021. The ADIBOT solution is designed to deliver hospital-grade facility disinfection using UV-C light to inactivate the COVID-19 virus along with other harmful bacteria and viruses. UV-C light is a well proven and viable technology to disinfect surfaces and has been used for more than 3 decades in hospitals around the world. What's new in the latest generation of UV light solutions is the autonomous delivery of the light source to specific points in a room and the autonomous management and operation of the proper light dosage to disinfect any room configuration.

UBTECH Adibot robots

UBTECH introduces a new line of UV Disinfection robots.


Korean robotic manufacturer ZetaBank announced a new lineup of autonomous mobile disinfection robots at CES2021. The company has agreements with several partners in China and Japan which have set the stage for the North American launch. The company announced the launch of two new editions of the robot: The Spatial Sterilization Robot filters the air as it moves around the facility. The Disinfection Collaborative Robot include a robotic manipulator on top of a mobile base, and it leverages UV light and ethanol to disinfect hard-to-reach parts of a room.

ZetaBank Collaborative Disinfection Robot

The ZetaBank Collaborative Disinfection Robot includes a collaborative robotic manipulator on top of an autonomous mobile robotic base to target hard-to-reach locations (image courtesy of ZetaBank)

Ava Robotics

Ava Robotics announces the launch of a new autonomous UV light disinfection robot. The robot is designed to operate in malls, corporate campuses, school buildings and other commercial facilities. It can disinfect approximately 9,000 square feet per hour, with 99% effectiveness against COVID-19, according to the company. Ava's UV robots are expected to become widely available and ship in early Q2, 2021.

Ava disinfection robot with callouts

The Ava Robotics disinfection robot is built around the companies core technology (image courtesy of Ava Robotics)

Unipin Medical Technology

Unipin Medical Technology offers a product line of three different versions of UV-C light disinfecting autonomous mobile robots. The devices offer: duty mode to work in fixed area autonomously, or customized mode to work in preset paths & time. Automatic recharge. Video monitoring of the work environment. Face recognition with quick facial features capture. Body temperature measurement, including real-time detection of body temperature, intelligent thermal imaging display, alarm when abnormal.

Unipin UVC Robots

Unipin offers a product line of three different configurations. (image courtesy of Unipin)

Robot TIMA

Ukraine based Robot TIMA, has launched their new autonomous disinfection robot called The TIMA Disinfector. The solution builds on the core AMR-base that Robot TIMA has deployed in several other autonomous solutions in their product line.

The TIMA Disinfector

The TIMA Disinfector is the newest autonomous mobile robot based solutions by Robot TIMA (image courtesy of Robot TIMA)


Xenex is a one of the market leaders in UV light disinfection devices. The Xenex LightStrike(tm) UVGI device is a corded device and features high power pulsed xenon lights to kill microbes and pathogens on surfaces in a room.

The LightStrike is NOT an autonomous mobile robot, as it must be manually positioned by the hospital staff, however the device does have some automation to lift the light bar out of the body of the canister and then safely retract it at the end of the cycle. This lowers the center of gravity for the device and makes it much safer to wheel around the facility (while also protecting the xenon bulbs).

The advantage of the LightStrike is that it corded and can leverage higher energy disinfection cycles than the fully autonomous and battery powered AMRs. The disadvantage is that it must be moved manually between disinfection locations.

The devices cost $125,000 a piece, a lot of money for a non-mobile robot solution when compared to the average price of the AMR-based solutions.

The LightStrike(tm) device is already deployed in more than 500 hospitals worldwide including The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, the Mayo Clinic Health System, Stanford, 55 Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities and 10 Department of Defense health care facilities. Worldwide, its robots are in the U.K., Europe, South America, Asia, Middle East and Africa. And those numbers are increasing daily, according to the company.


Tru-D is another company building a UV light disinfection device. Again, it's NOT an autonomous mobile robot, but it's similar to Xenex in that the device is wheeled into a room and then starts the disinfection cycle once the staff person leaves the room.

Mobile Robot Buyers Guide showing document cover and award badges

The 2020 Autonomous Disinfection Solutions Buyers Guide has been published!

This edition focuses entirely on AMR-based disinfection solutions to help facility managers clean and disinfect their facilities.

We've done all of the market research on the latest products.

Get it now!

Tele-operated Remote Monitoring

Another interesting application for autonomous mobile robots is for remote monitoring of facilities, streets and buildings. In this use case, the robotic solutions for Covid-19 are found in remotely tele-operated vehicles enable police, government or healthcare staff to monitor the movement of the public OR check in on patients, without have to be physically present.

Enova Robotics

We reported on a story this week about Enova Mobile Robots patrolling capital during COVID-19 response. The Enova P-Guard AMR is designed to operate outdoors and uses GPS for localization. The tele-operated vehicle enables remote monitoring of facilities and streets. Onboard heat sensing cameras can identify humans and video and 3D cameras record interaction with people.

Knightscope Robotics

Knightscope Robotics has a complete lineup of both indoor and outdoor autonomous mobile robots. Primarily used for patrolling corporate facilities, the Knightscope robots also have the ability to enable remote monitoring of streets and corporate campuses.

Knightscope robot lineup

The Knightscope lineup of indoor and outdoor telepresence robots

Hospital Support Operations

A critical application for autonomous mobile robots is directly within hospital and healthcare facilities. Not only is this one of the interesting obotic solutions for Covid-19, it will be viable well beyond the point that we are beyond the current Covid crisis.

The use cases here center around automating material delivery operations of pharmaceuticals, linens, food and trash. In addition, AMRs can be used for tele-presence enabling doctors and nurses to make their rounds and visit patients remotely. This is a use case which may become critical if the crisis devolves to a large scale pandemic and the number of patients increases to the point that it's logistically difficult for doctors to visit patients (and reduce their exposure).

Hospital support operations is a mature application space for AMRs. What is important with respect to the current COVID crisis is the capability of AMRs to augment hospital staff during a time when healthcare workers are working overtime, and hospitals are likely to become overwhelmed with patients.

Aethon Robotics

There are a number of AMR vendors who have developed and deployed hospital support robots. The first vendor to market in this space and the most mature vendor is Aethon Robotics. Aethon has been building and delivering hospital automation for nearly a decade. They have a complete line of autonomous delivery vehicles. Uses cases include meal delivery (from kitchen to room), linen and trash removal, secure pharmacy delivery and general hospital material handling.


Savioke is another AMR vendor with a specifically designed and secure delivery capability. While the Savioke Relay was originally designed and deployed for hotel operations, it has all of the capabilities to operate in a hospital. The Savioke Relay robot can be used to deliver labs specimens from nursing stations to the lab while operating the elevator across multiple floors.

Savioke Relay Robot

The Savioke Relay delivery robot can securely deliver lab specimens and pharmaceuticals.

MiR Robotics

Mobile Industrial Robotics (MiR) is a general purpose AMR which is being deployed into various autonomous delivery operations. MiR recently documented the use case of MiR AMRs at Zealand University Hospital.

Five hospital departments at Zealand University Hospital in Denmark now receive daily autonomous deliveries from the hospital’s sterilization center. The implementation of a mobile robot from Mobile Industrial Robots (MiR) is helping realize the goal of flexible and automated logistics throughout the upcoming 190,000 square meter super hospital. 

Hi-Tech Robotic Systemz

India based, Hi-Tech Robotic Systemz have deployed several of their Novus Care AMRs to help with food and supply delivery in hospitals in India. This solution enables robots to do the "dirty" work and enable social distancing within the facility. From the video below, it appears that the Novus Care robot is deployed in a COVID ward.

JetBrain Robotics

India based JetBrain just announce the development of a UVC light disinfection solution based on their CORE 0 AMR platform. JetBrain has created a product line of healthcare robot solutions targeted at hospitals and clinics.

JetBrain AMRO and ARYA robots

JetBrain AMRO and ARYA robots (image courtesy of JetBrain Robotics)

Revotonix L.L.C

The new SASHA robot by Revotonix and Geek+ is a hospital meal delivery robot that can pick meal trays from the kitchen and deliver them autonomously to patient rooms.

Revotonix is proud to introduce the Smart Autonomous System for Hospital Assistance (SASHA) with the mission to reduce infection rates, assist with patients’ care and reduce wasted time. SASHA will autonomously take care of delivering the right meal to the right patient at the right time all the way from the kitchen to the patient table.

Teleoperated / Telepresence Solutions

Teleoperated robotics and tele-medicine has been a thing for a while. But as robotic solutions for Covid-19, it is becoming especially critical that we separate our precious health workers from the danger of infection.

Diligent Robotics

Diligent Robotics is a new entrant into the hospital operations market. The Moxi robot by Diligent is unique in that it is completely autonomous and can navigate the hospital to support the nursing staff. Moxi has an onboard collaborative arm, and with its 3D vision cameras, Moxi can pickup and drop off items. Moxi can be trained to do simple operations.

Moxi can also operate in a tele-operation mode where a doctor or nurse can drive the robot around the and see and talk to patients.

Moxi Robot in a hospital hallway

The Diligent Moxi robot operates autonomously to support nursing staff.


OhmniLabs is a remotely operated, teleoperation/telepresence AMR that has applications in the COVID crisis a solution for both remote workers as well as in healthcare for remote monitoring of patents by nurses and doctors.

Ohmnilabs Teleoperated Robot

The Ohmni Supercam by OhmniLabs (image courtesy of OhmniLabs)

The new Ohmni Supercam contains the highest resolution camera available in a telepresence robot. A 13MP camera plus the Ohmni low-latency encoding system gives you an immersive, ultra-wide field of view without sacrificing visual detail. The system is capable of operating for 6 hours and the entire device is built from 3D printed parts (Ohmni's parent company specializes in 3D printed manufacturing).

AVA Robotics

Ava is one of the early entrants into the telepresence market. Ava offers HD video quality over WiFi, enabling remote operators to login to an Ava robot and take control of the robot to move it around the facility. Remote operation can occur from a cellphone, tablet or computer. A screen on the robot enables local participants to have a conversation with the operator.

Ava medical example

Ava can be leveraged for medical use. (image courtesy of Ava Robotics)

Ava features intelligent, autonomous navigation. Users simply specify a destination, and Ava automatically moves to the desired location within a facility. Built-in collision avoidance allows the robot to safely navigate around people and objects without bumping into them.

For the current pandemic, robots like Ava enable doctors to quickly check in with hospital staff or patients, without the need to be present. Ava can protect the health of frontline healthcare workers and enable a doctor to increase their workload without the need to travel between facilities, thus making them more efficient in their roles.

GoBe Robotics

Denmark based GoBe robotics just announced their new telepresence robot. The robot comes to market as a new development project by GoBe and parent company Blue Ocean Robotics. Until last year, GoBe was formerly known as Globe Robotics, and they were (are) one the largest resellers of BEAM Telepresence robots, installing more than 100,000 BEAM robots during that time.

With the new robot launch, GoBe brings to market a GoBe branded solution which includes their own intellectual property. The system helps in any situation where remote telepresence can help provide interaction, without the need to travel.

GoBe tele-presence robot with large logo

The new GoBe Telepresence robot. (image courtesy of GoBe Robotics)

There are a variety of tele-presence solutions, many of which have been on the market for 5 to 10 years. Not all of these devices would be considers an autonomous mobile robots, thus we are not covering them in depth. However, these devices still have valid application for healthcare operations.

These vendors include the following list of suppliers:

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Facility Cleaning Robots

Turnaco Robotics

Turnaco Robotics has a unique solution that is designed specifically for cleaning mosques between prayers. Turnaco is based in Turkey, and the founders identified the need for mosque facility cleansing to help prevent the spread of germs, even prior to the COVID-19 crisis. The Turnaco AMR is designed to vacuum the floors while simultaneously disinfecting the carpet with UV light. The AMR can run autonomously when the mosque is vacated between prayer sessions.

Mouro Mobile Robot

The Turnaco Mosque cleaning AMR in operation.

Turnaco CEO Kerem Sencan likes to tell the origin story for Turnaco, which is now more valid that ever. He noted that the idea of a mosque robot came about when he heard that two old men who have breathing problems and cataracts had difficulties when they went to their local mosques. "Their doctors said that going to the mosques would affect their health negatively," he said. "On the other hand, there was always an odor at the mosques in Kadıköy that I go to. One of my foreign friends said that Turks don't put their faces on their carpets at home but they do so in mosques where thousands of people enter. Lastly, I talked to an imam. He told me that it is a problem keeping the mosque clean. This is why it is cleaned once a month. That's when we thought only a robot can overcome this problem."


Avidbots makes a line of autonomous floor cleaning robots. These autonomous floor scrubbing robots can autonomously navigate a facility and complete a thorough floor cleaning operation. Designed primarly for hard floors, the robots can be scheduled to start and complete operations during times when the facility is closed.

Avidbots NEO floorscrubbing robot

The Avidbot Neo autonomous floor scrubbing robot.

Brain Corp

Brain Corp entered the floor scrubbing market early and now has multiple models of floor scrubbing AMRs. While Brain Corp positions themselves as an AMR Intelligence and AI software company, the companies strategy has been to leverage the proven hardware of existing hardware manufacturers and retrofit those devices with the intelligent controls developed by Brain Corp.

Retail Inventory

We're all experiencing the chaos on the shelves at our local grocery stores. Grocers hate empty shelves and are keeping their staff busy restocking and reordering product. There are a number of AMR vendors who have deployed robots to continuously scan shelves and count inventory. Grocers can then sync this data with their store inventory management and ordering system.

You might ask why we're including retail inventory AMRs in our COVID19 coverage?
When robots are used to automate the inventory counting, the human workers can be better utilized to keep up with shelf restocking operations. In our current response to COVID 19, these inventory robotics also help to distance grocery stocking clerks from the public. With all of the empty store shelves that we're currently experiencing, inventory is a critical aspect of living through the crisis.

Bossa Nova Robotics

Bossa Nova Robotics is the largest manufacturer of retail inventory AMRs. They have deployed their inventory robots at over 400 Walmart stores in north America and are busy expanding that fleet in 2020.

The magic of Bossa Nova's solution is not in the robot, but rather the consolidation and processing of inventory data, which is made available to retailers in the cloud.

Simbe Robotics

Simbe Robotics has a mature solution for automating retail inventory with their Tally Robot.

Badger Technologies

Badger Technologies is a  late entrant in the retail  inventory AMR market, however the "Marty" robot has high definition cameras to accurately image  store shelves and then process the  information. Badger Technologies is a division of Jabil Technologies, who are one of the largest contract manufacturers in North America.

Badger Technologies Robo

Restaurant and Delivery Operations

As the world begins the process of reopening businesses following the COVID shutdown, there is a growing opportunity for autonomation to help with social distancing and the prevention of COVID transmission.

Here are a few AMR's designed specifically to help with restaurant and "last mile" delivery operations.

Bear Robotics

Silicon Valley based Bear Robotics introduced the Penny food delivery robot to help automate front of house restaurant operations. The AMR is designed to autonomous navigate around tables and customers to bring from from the kitchen to the table.

Bear Robotics Robot

Bear Robotics Penny Robot (image courtesy of Bear Robotics)

Keenon Robots

Shanhai based Keenon Robotics has introduced a delivery robot built on its mature AMR base hardware and software. This robotic waiter is designed to deliver front of house meals to restaurant patrons. The infrared perception system detects the status of goods in the pallet, the robot returns automatically as quickly as humans and help customers take away the the empty disks. The robot has a 10 hour battery and fully autonomous battery charging.

Keenon Delivery Robot

Keenon Delivery Robot (image courtesy of Keenon Robots)

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About the author 

Mike Oitzman

Mike Oitzman brings 25 years of product management and product marketing experience to the role of publisher and editor for Mobile Robot Guide. Mike is a respected expert in the mobile robot market and is a frequent panel leader and speaker at events and tradeshows.

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